Giza 45 is “The Queen” of all types of Egyptian cotton. It was first cultivated in 1820 by Mohammed Ali Pascia , the founder of modern Egypt and the symbol of the country’s revival after the invasion of Naploeon. Ali Paschia imported Brazilian and West Indian Sea Island Cotton seeds; being enthusiastic for the wonderful foreign fabrics which were being produced from these raw materials. The combination of the best seeds in the world, together with the exceptional environment created the ideal cultivation conditions for the most precious cotton in the world.
The Giza 45 plants are cultivated in a very small area to the East of the Nile delta, and they represent only 0.4% of the total annual Egyptian cotton production. The cotton is picked by hand in five separate phases which ensures that only the bolls with the correct maturity are selected. Moreover the careful cultivation and the manual harvesting avoids the use of defoliants and chemical products which are normally associated with mechanical harvesting.
The fibres of the Giza 45 cotton production have an extraordinary staple length that easily surpasses 36mm, and a unique uniformity index of 88.5%. Furthermore what makes this cotton exceptional amongst all extra-long staple cottons is the fineness of its fibres on average 2.95 microns (see table 1). To obtain the finest yarn counts like 2/200s, 2/240s, and 2/300s, David and John Anderson are even more selective and select those with fineness to 2.80 microns. Despite its fineness, the strength of the Giza 45 fibre remains high, about 44.3gms/tex which is similar to that of less fine cottons like Giza 88. This relationship of fibre and strength makes it possible to spin the best yarns in the world. Because of the fineness of the staple yarn of Giza 45 it is possible to insert a greater number of elementary fibres whose adjacent connection gives greater strength. ( source: Albinigroup.com )